Marc Chagall

Born in Vitsyebsk, Russia, now present day Belarus, Marc Chagall would draw influence from his Jewish background and combine Russian expressionism with French Cubism in the creation of his surrealistic imagery.  His began his art education by studying with a local artist until 1907 when he moved to Saint Petersburg and attended the Zvantseva School.  In 1910, Chagall first traveled to the country where he would spend most of his life, moving to Paris, France.  He would live there until the outbreak of World War I in 1914, shortly before which, in 1913, he held a solo exhibition at Der Sturm Gallery, Berlin, Germany.  During this period of time he began to hone and develop the unique style that would typify his artwork.

Following the outbreak of the war he returned to Russia, residing in Saint Petersburg until the Russian Revolution in 1917.  Following this event, Chagall would be appointed as the director of the Vitsyebsk Art Academy, a position he would hold from 1918 until 1919.  From there he would take on the position of art director at the Moscow Jewish State Theater until 1922, creating multiple murals for the theater lobby as well as coordinating the stage settings for various productions.  In 1923 he would return to France, where he would reside for the rest of his life except for a period of time from 1941 to 1948 when he moved to the United States to flee the Nazi occupation of France during World War II.  His reaction to the rise of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust would be reflected in his works, much of which continued to be intimately tied to Jewish themes and issues.  His artwork would be displayed in exhibitions throughout the latter half of the twentieth century, including a stint at the Louvre from 1977-1978, a rare accomplishment for a living artist.  Chagall continued to work prolifically until his death on March 28, 1985 in St. Paul de Vence, France.

Collections Include:
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio
Dallas Museum of Art, Dallas, Texas
Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York
Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York
Musee National, Nice France
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California
Christchurch Art Gallery, Christchurch, New Zealand
Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka, Kapan
Haifa Museum, Haifa, Israel
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Museu Nacional de Belas Artes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

1887 – Marc Chagall born in Vitsyebsk, Russia, present day Belarus
1907 – Began Studies in Saint Petersburg, Russia
1918 – Appointed as director of Vitsyebsk Art Academy
1919 – Appointed as art director of Moscow Jewish State Theater
1923 – Moved from Russia to France
1941 – Began temporary residence in the United States
1948 – Returned to France
1985 – Dies in St. Paul de Vence, France

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